What are the Basic Principles of a Garden Landscape Design?

Are you starting with landscape designing? If yes, then it is important to know the different principles that will help you achieve the design of your dreams. Understanding the design part requires some creative sense so that you easily translate what you are thinking and make them a reality. It is important to understand that you design that perfect balance and harmony so that it looks appealing and has a soothing effect so that you can relax and get some peace of mind. Look out for ideas unless you are satisfied with what you are expecting from the design.

Here are the 8 basic principles that you can use in your landscape design along with ideas to add different elements to make your space look attractive: 


  • Unity

Unity involves the consistency and repetition of a design. Repetition means repeating the elements such as the plants and decor in the landscape. Consistency involves adding different elements of a landscape together to relate to a specific theme.

For example, if you are installing an outdoor setup in your landscape design, 

You can choose lounge chairs for your patio as they will give a relaxing feel along with a spa-like feel to space along with plants of different types to spruce up the areas and locate the seating arrangement near a pool or a small pond that would spruce up the area. 


  • Balance

Balance is creating a balancing effect between asymmetrical and symmetrical elements. This can be done by using different elements and objects to achieve the desired effect.

For example, if you are planning to create a 

the dining area is the place where people come together to share a hearty meal and wouldn’t want this area to be left untouched. Dining in the outdoor setup is perfect for entertaining the guests, especially during the summers. You can accommodate a large table in your patio and designate the dining area to make space for usable accessories. In case your outdoor area is not spacious, then you can even use a small bistro table.

You can also install a storage space outdoors as you do not get the privilege to organize your things in closets. For this, you would need to think of ideas that would be perfect for storing the items. You can choose to keep the items in deck boxes that will help you to keep outdoor accessories and stash the kids’ toys easily in them.


  • Contrast and Harmony

Creating contrast can help in highlighting the different elements of your design while on the other hand harmony can unify the entire composition of the landscape. You can add different elements to catch the attention of the visitor with complementary colors. 

For instance, during the summer months, you would always want a shade where you can relax and get relief from the scorching sun. You can add a sun umbrella setup or add pergola and awning to provide proper shade to your home. The shade will provide you enough area to play cards or do your work in complete relaxation without putting strain on your eyes.


  • Color

Color is important to add dimension to your entire landscape design. 

For example, When you are planning to decorate your outdoor area, you should consider embracing the natural elements that are already present there. Make use of bright flowers, climbers and other vegetation and organize them in planters or straight away to the ground in a manner that would add charm to your outdoor space. These days, vertical gardens are becoming immensely popular. You too can try your hands with the same to see how it looks on your patio.

You should consider the outdoor space as an extension to your interiors which is why it should reflect your style. Use accessories such as pillows, cushions and upholstery fabric lanterns, others to add a personal touch to space.


  • Transition

Transition involves using multiple sizes and shapes of plants in your design. You can add multiple colors, designs, and sizes of flowering and non-flowering plants in different corners of your landscape design to draw attention. You can even experience with shapes of the beds and the installation of accent pieces in your garden.


  • Line

Line involves creating a perspective and from texture, 

creating beds, entryways, and walkways. 

For example, you can use outdoor light as an important feature when you are considering the outdoor decoration where you can spend your days in harmony. You can pick up pendant lights, string lights, torches or even candles to decorate the space. Lighting adds a relaxing mood to the patio area which is perfect for days when you want to relax completely. It would also give a perspective to the entire design and highlight the garden elements at the same time.

Also, if your home is located far from that of your neighbors, then you can enjoy the nature sounds in peace. However, if you live in urban areas then it is hard to get such as privilege. As a remedy, you can use a water feature along with the outdoor speakers to create a calm ambiance that would be perfect to soothe you from the traffic sound. You can install a trickling fountain in your outdoor space to enhance its appeal.


  • Repetition

Repetition of the design can truly bring out different expressions. You can use the same elements around different accent pieces. This is because too many different elements can make your entire landscape look uneven and cluttered. 


  • Proportion

Proportion is creating a balance between different elements of the house. Create proportion in the elements that you are planning to use in the garden so that the entire design does not look off. 

Follow these principles and you would surely be able to achieve the landscape design of your dreams. Experimentation is the key in this case so consider the outdoor space as your playground and make your dream design come to reality. 

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